These Are The Steps On How You Can Correct The Mistakes In Your Birth Certificate!

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One of the first and most essential documents you need to have as a citizen of the Philippines is a birth certificate. 

As the name states, it’s the very proof that you were born in the country. Your birth certificate is the most basic requirement you’ll need when applying for school, work, and application of the issuance of a Philippine passport.

The Birth Certificate provides all details concerning a person’s legal identity & legal information - from a person’s name, date of birth, city, county of birth, sex, etc. 

However, if you should ever discover that your Birth Certificate contains errors, then those same errors might cause delays to access or claim basic rights due to you. 

This article aims to show what can be done to any potential errors found in your Birth Certificate.

Common Issues/Errors found in Birth Certificates
-Blurred details
-Wrong Spelling of certain details
-Issues concerning Names (First, Middle, Last, Names with Boy-Girl-Baby)
-Required Documents
-The difference between being born abroad or in the Philippines (Where to File)


Blurred – First Name, Last Name or other Information.
If the record of NSO is blurred, the local civil registrar shall be requested to endorse a copy of the birth certificate with a clearer entry in the first name to the NSO.

If the record of NSO and civil registry are both blurred, a petition for correction of clerical error should be filed.

Wrong Spelling – First Name, Middle Name or Last Name
The misspelled first name, middle name or last name in the birth certificate should be corrected by filing a petition for correction of clerical error.

Missing First Name, Middle Name, or Last Name
If the first name or last name of the child in the birth certificate is blank, a supplemental report should be filed to supply the missing entry.

Special cases NO MIDDLE NAME:

A. If legitimate 
To supply the missing entry, a supplemental report should be filed through an affidavit indicating the entry missed in the registration and the reasons why there was a failure in supplying the required.

B. If illegitimate and acknowledged by the father
If the child is acknowledged by the father and middle name is blank, a supplemental report should be filed to enter the omitted middle name. 
The mother’s surname shall be the middle of the child.

C. If illegitimate and not acknowledged by the father
Omitted middle names shall not be supplied anymore. 
An illegitimate child whose affiliation is not recognized by the father bears only a given name and his/her mothers surname and does not have a middle name.

D. Different from the middle name entered in the birth certificate
A petition for correction of clerical should be filed to correct the middle name if:

*Last name of the mother in the birth certificate of the child is correct and middle name of the child is wrong.

*Last name of the mother in the birth certificate of the child is wrong and middle name of the child is correct.

E. Middle Names of the child and the mother in the birth certificate are wrong
To correct the middle name of the child and the last name of the mother in the birth certificate, a petition should be filed at the Regional Trial Court of the province where the corresponding civil registry is located. 

The error is not already considered as clerical which can be corrected administratively.

Be ready for any document/s required by the lawyer to be presented during the petition which will show the correct middle name if the child.

F. Interchanged middle and last name
Interchanged middle and last names are considered as an error encoding which can be corrected by filing a petition for correction of clerical error.

J. For compound middle names like Dela Cruz, Quintos Deles, Villa Roman
The middle initial that should be used should be the first letter of the middle name. For Dela Cruz , the middle initial should be “D”. For Quintos Deles “Q”. For Villa Roman “V”.

H. Middle initial is entered on the birth certificate instead of the full middle name
The entry should be corrected by a petition for correction of clerical error.

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