Sir Nicholas Winton was a Jewish man born in London. His original surname was Wertheim, a German-Jewish name, which his parents had changed in order to blend in.
In 1938, Winton became part of history after he responded to a man named Martin Blake's call for help in Prague. This started his journey to build an organization that protects Jewish children from Germans.
With the great massacre of the Jewish people by the Nazi Germans in November 1938 called "Kristallnacht," the United Kingdom attempted to help by welcoming refugee children under the age of 17.
However, it wasn’t easy for refugees fleeing Germany as Dutch border guards were able to capture them and send them back to Germany.
Fortunately, Winton was able to save 669 children from the holocaust when he successfully brought them to Britain. Even his mother helped out as she searched for the families of those refugee children.
What happened during the Holocaust became Winton's secret. Until 50 years later, his wife found proof in their attic – a notebook that contained the names and photographs of the children he saved.
Winton's wife Grete then gave the notebook to a journalist.
As gratitude for Winton’s heroic deeds, a BBC program invited him to talk about his exploits. However, what he did not know was that the audience surrounding him was composed of the children he saved during World War II.
His heroism received recognition, one of which is the Order of the White Lion, the Czech Republic's greatest distinction.
The Jewish hero passed away in 2015 at the age of 106.
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